Part B: Our work in detail

7 Transport

Key projects

Bus priority planning

Wellington already has a number of bus lanes and other bus priority measures in place that are working well, but the city will need more. Bus priority measures give buses priority over other traffic and the Council, in conjunction with Greater Wellington Regional Council, plan to gradually expand the range and scope of bus priority measures.

Cycleway planning and implementation

Like other well-connected cities, we plan to improve the city’s cycling network. A better cycling network would encourage uptake of cycling as a transport mode, increase the health of participants, increase the carrying capacity of the city’s roads, reducing congestion and helping to lower the city’s emission profile.

Implementing cycleways in Wellington has its challenges because we are retrofitting them into established streets. Because of the city’s narrow and winding streets, some road or footpath space must be reallocated. This may mean prioritising cycle lanes or cycle parking over other on-street uses in some areas.

The planned network will span the city, with routes connecting suburbs to the central city. The plan is to roll it out over the next 10–15 years. In the coming year, subject to a joint NZTA /WCC review of the cycle programme, the focus will be on narrowing down options for the eastern suburbs, reviewing the Island Bay cycleway, and progressing the Hutt Road cycleway (see below).

Hutt Road cycleway

Wellington’s busiest cycle route, and one of its busiest bus corridors, will be made safer and more efficient with a new cycleway and transport improvements planned for the Hutt Road between Ngauranga and the central city. Work is scheduled to start this year and will be completed in 2018.

We have plans to build a new high-quality cycle path/footpath to make this route safer for pedestrians, cyclists and motorists. Two-thirds of the indicative $9 million cost will be paid by the Government through the new Urban Cycleways Fund and the National Land Transport Fund. The Council’s budgeted share is $3.1 million.

Ngauranga to Airport

The Ngauranga to Airport project aims to improve the flow of traffic through Wellington City. As part of this project in 2016/17 we will be undertaking a number of small projects at the cost of $375,000 to improve pedestrian flow in the central business district. In addition, the proposal to lower the speed limits within the central city is being re-examined with possible implementation to occur within the 2016/17 year.

Safer speeds

The Council proposes to reduce vehicle speeds in key suburban areas of the city. Studies show that reducing vehicle speeds significantly reduces the number and severity of injuries. It is expected that there will be little effect on motorists’ travel times. The cost for 2016/17 for the safer speeds project is $1.3 million.

Parking sensors

We are implementing the use of smart technology to make it easier for people to find car parks and pay for parking. Wireless sensors fitted into the road surface can provide information on whether a car park is occupied. This information can be used to tell drivers where car parks are available, as well as the price for parking. The sensors can be incorporated with online payment systems, making it easy for drivers to pay for their parking, and ensuring they only pay for the time they use. We plan to spend $380,000 on implementing this technology during 2016/17.

Parking officers

Parking Services was brought in-house in 2014 and as a result of the positive outcomes, demand for parking services has grown. In order to provide service levels similar to those from when the function was outsourced, additional staff are now required to meet this demand. The increase in staffing levels will enable the continuation of quality service levels, including supporting the implementation of parking sensors.

Cable Car

As part of the Cable Car’s maintenance programme we will be providing funding for the replacement of the drive mechanism in the coming year.

Transport – group of activitiesTop

7.1 Transport

7.1.1 Transport planning

7.1.2 Vehicle network

7.1.3 Cycle network

7.1.4 Passenger transport network

7.1.5 Pedestrian network

7.1.6 Network-wide control and management

7.1.7 Road safety
Increased active mode share

Road safety

Reliable transport routes

Reduced emissions
  • 54 road bridges (road and pedestrian) and five tunnels
  • 2397 walls, 450 bus shelters and 18,000 street lights
  • 24.3km of cycleways
  • 858km of pedestrian paths, 680km of road pavements
  • 132km of handrails, guardrails and sight rails
  • 1500 hectares of road corridor land
  • 21,500 signs and traffic signals
  • Lincolnshire Farm link roads
  • Cycleways
With any transport system, the potential negative effects are significant. In particular, there are environmental costs, ranging from air and noise pollution to surface water run-off from roads that may carry contaminants (by-products of tyres, brakes and engines and deposition from exhaust gases) into the stormwater system. This environmental impact is linked to the number of vehicles on the road; however, the dominant impact is the surrounding land uses, which direct stormwater run-off to the road. There are also potential negative effects from individual projects: for example, construction of any new road has effects on neighbours and neighbourhoods.

Dealing with these effects is complex. Some issues, such as vehicle emission standards, are properly dealt with at a national level. Others, such as air and water quality, are regional issues. Of those issues that can be dealt with at a local level, we seek to reduce the cause of the negative effects where possible. At present there are few statutory requirements for road controlling authorities to mitigate contaminants in road run-off before it is discharged to the receiving environment.

This Council does monitor the effects of stormwater run-off on aquatic receiving environments to ensure that adverse effects are avoided, remedied or mitigated.

Other potentially significant negative effects we must consider include:
  • The timing of road works and other improvements. These can impact on local businesses but may also affect growth opportunities. Our transport planning is designed to minimise the impact and focus our work in growth areas.
  • Safety. The transport network brings pedestrians, cyclists and vehicles together. This presents hazards to users. We’ve developed road safety programmes and design solutions to reduce the likelihood and severity of accidents.
7.2 Parking

7.2.1 Parking
Enabling people to shop, work and access recreation activities
  • 12,000 on-street parking spaces, 3400 of which are in the central city
  • Street spaces for taxis, couriers, people with disabilities, bus stops and diplomatic services
  • Managing off-street parking at Clifton Terrace, the Michael Fowler Centre and beneath Civic Square

Transport – performance measuresTop

Objectives Increased active mode share

Road safety

Reliable transport routes

Reduced emissions
Outcome indicators Residents’ perceptions that peak traffic volumes are acceptable

Residents’ perceptions that the transport system allows easy access to the city

Residents’ perceptions of quality and affordability of public transport services

Air quality monitoring (ie nitrogen dioxide, carbon monoxide, and particulate matter peaks)

Change from previous year in the number of road crashes resulting in fatalities and serious injury*

Social cost of crashes

Residents’ perceptions of transport related safety issues (ie issues of most concern)

Number of cyclists and pedestrians entering the central city (weekdays)

Residents (%) who agree the transport system allows easy movement around the city – vehicle users and pedestrians
7.1 Transport

7.1.1 Transport planning

7.1.2 Vehicle network

7.1.3 Cycle network

7.1.4 Passenger transport network

7.1.5 Pedestrian network

7.1.6 Network-wide control and management

7.1.7 Road safety
To measure the quality and timeliness of the transport infrastructure and service Residents’ condition (%) rating of the network – roads and footpaths (good or very good) Roads: 75% Roads : 75% Roads: 75%
Footpaths: 75% Footpaths: 75% Footpaths: 75%
Requests for service response rate – urgent (within 2 hours) and non-urgent (within 15 days)* Urgent: 100% Urgent: 100% Urgent: 100%
Non-urgent: 100% Non-urgent: 100% Non-urgent: 100%
Roads (%) that meet smooth roads standards (smooth roads – measured by Smooth Travel Exposure based on NAASRA counts)* 70% 70% 70%
Footpath (%) condition rating (measured against WCC condition standards)* 97% 97% 97%
Street lighting (%) for major roads (arterial, principal and collector roads) meets national standards 100% 100% 100%
Residents’ satisfaction (%) with street lighting in the central city and suburban areas Central: 85% Central: 85% Central: 85%
Suburbs: 75% Suburbs: 75% Suburbs: 75%
Sea wall and retaining wall condition rating – walls (%) rated 3 or better (1 very good, 5 very bad) 90% 90% 90%
Percentage of the sealed local road network that is resurfaced* 10% 10% 10%
*DIA Mandatory measure      
7.2 Parking

7.2.1 Parking
To measure the quality of our parking provision On-street car park turn-over rates – weekdays and weekends Week: 6.8 Week: 6.8 Week: 6.8
Weekend: 5.275% Weekend: 5.275% Weekend: 5.275%
On-street car park average occupancy Time: 95% Time: 95% Time: 95%
On-street car park compliance – time restrictions and payment Payment: 90% Payment: 90% Payment: 90%
Residents’ perceptions (%) that parking enforcement is fair Increase from previous year Increase from previous year Increase from previous year

Transport – activity budgetTop

7.1 TRANSPORT 2015/16
Operating expenditure ($000) ($000)
7.1.1 - Transport planning 1,144 2,651
7.1.2 - Vehicle network 22,645 24,101
7.1.3 - Cycle network 1,660 1,376
7.1.4 - Passenger transport network 1,720 2,450
7.1.5 - Pedestrian network 6,548 7,061
7.1.6 - Network-wide control and management 6,799 7,525
7.1.7 - Road safety 6,095 6,353
Total operating expenditure 46,612 51,517
Capital expenditure ($000) ($000)
7.1.1 - Transport planning - -
7.1.2 - Vehicle network 23,017 21,558
7.1.3 - Cycle network 5,673 7,522
7.1.4 - Passenger transport network 145 888
7.1.5 - Pedestrian network 4,583 4,671
7.1.6 - Network-wide control and management 2,804 2,380
7.1.7 - Road safety 2,352 3,538
Total capital expenditure 38,573 40,557
Operating expenditure ($000) ($000)
7.2.1 - Parking 13,404 13,925
Total operating expenditure 13,404 13,925
Capital expenditure ($000) ($000)
7.2.1 - Parking 1,449 496
Total capital expenditure 1,449 496